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Complications from a traumatic brain injury

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that "a (Traumatic Brain Injury) is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain." The most common type of a TBI is a concussion, which is considered mild in severity. However, TBIs range from mild to severe.

The CDC reports that rates of TBI incidents in the emergency department have increased about 70 percent from 2001 through 2010. Falls are the leading cause of TBIs, with unintentional blunt trauma being the second leading cause. Motor vehicle crashes account for the most TBI-related deaths. Children and seniors are most vulnerable to TBIs, but no one is immune.

Mild TBIs may not have effects lasting more than a few days, but severe TBIs can cause effects which last the rest of a person's life. They can affect your motor functions, such as balance or coordination, cognitive functioning, like memory and attention, and your senses, like hearing or vision. Many people also experience emotional issues, such as depression, anxiety and impulse control.

Increased risk of other health problems

Every person reacts differently to a TBI, because there are many factors that determine the lasting effects. It depends on which part of the brain was injured as to how it will affect you. Research does indicate that people with TBIs have a higher risk of many health problems, especially those affecting the brain, including the following:

  • Epilepsy
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Stroke

Research is still needed to fully understand the correlation between a TBI and other health issues. It is possible that people who have a TBI already have poor health and might have gotten those diseases without having a TBI.

Severe TBIs

TBIs contribute to about one-third of all injury-related deaths each year in the United States. A TBI not only impacts the person who is injured, but also the family and the community. A severe TBI is more likely to have long-term consequences that require a long hospitalization and recovery time.

Head trauma is very serious. Many organizations are focusing on prevention to limit the impacts of TBIs, but they cannot prevent every accident. Managing the many problems of a severe TBI can be difficult for you and your family when you are trying to manage day-to-day life, financial problems and the bureaucracy of the healthcare system. Before agreeing to any settlement, it can be beneficial to speak to an experienced attorney about your situation.

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